What is Market Capitalization Meaning in Stock Market?

What is market capitalization of a company pic

What is Market Capitalization┬áMeaning in Stock Market: The term “Market Capitalization” is often referred to as ‘Market Cap’. It indicates the aggregate valuation of stocks. Market cap guide investors to make a quick decision about companies’ size and values. It is calculated by multiplying the current market price of 1 share with the total number of outstanding share. Investors can have a quick idea about the company’s valuation from this without going into too many details of a company’s balance sheet, equity, debt, etc. So, what is the market capitalization of a company is a quite vital concept.


The formula of market capitalization is quite simple,

what is market capitalization

The market price of 1 share (multiply by) the number of shares in issue.

Market cap is generally classified into three categories, large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap. Companies with more than 75,000 cr. market cap belongs to Large-cap. Example of large-cap companies is State Bank of India, Reliance Industries, Coal India, etc. Companies with 13,000 to 75,000 cr market cap belong to Mid-cap and last, of all company’s with less than 13,000 cr are Small-cap companies. A chart is listed below:

market capitalization

Large Cap

In the market,┬áthere are top 100 companies with the valuation of more than 75 cr. Large-cap companies lead the market and they form the major stock indices. As the companies run the market for a long time, they have a very strong presence in the market. But there is a twist here. Investing in large-cap companies doesn’t always bring a huge return in a short time span. Over the long run, there is some possibility of an increase in share value. As they have less room to grow, it needs time to grow and make a huge profit in a short period of time.

Mid Cap

In mid-cap, there are top 101 to 250 companies. with the valuation of 13,000 to 75,000 cr. market cap. The growth rate is higher than large-cap companies but there are negative aspects too. So, Mid-cap companies carry a higher risk than large-cap because they are not as established as large-cap. the possibility of a huge return is higher than the top 100 large caps.


In small-cap, the limit of market capitalization is less than 13,000 cr. Beyond the top 250 companies, all are belong to small-cap. As the companies are much younger in age, they carry the highest risk in the matter of investment. However, with this negative point, there is a positive one too. As there is very much possibility of expanding, there is a huge possibility of the maximum return in a short period of time.

Market Capitalization FAQ

What does the market cap indicate?

Market capitalization in short also known as market cap. In simple words, it is the total value of a company’s share. Investors can get an idea about the size of the company by seeing its market capitalization. The market cap can be divided into three sections.

What are the different market caps?

If we broadly divide the market caps, we will get three different categories of it.
Small-Cap: Companies with less than 13000 Cr value.
Mid Cap: Companies’ value between 13000-75000 Cr.
Large Cap: Companies with more than 75000 Cr.Market cap

Is market capitalization the same as market value?

Market capitalization only reflects the equity value of a company. So, it does not necessarily reflect its actual market value. In other words, market cap represents a single measure of a company’ worth. So, both cannot be same.

Is high market capitalization good?

Basically, market capitalization reflects a company’s value and level in the market. Large-cap companies carry less risk for their less aggressive growth. So, from a risk perspective, high market capitalization is good enough to deal with. Here, risk and profit go through the same stages, both comes slowly here.

How do you compare market capitalization?

Market capitalization or cap is the value of a company. You can determine a company’s market cap by multiplying the market price of a share by the total number of shares. As there are three caps under it, large, mid and small. One can easily compare different companies in it.Market Capitalization formula

Why is Market cap so important?

Market cap is important for the assessment of companies. One can easily compare the companies with market cap. And choose shares to invest as per their risk-taking capabilities. Like, Large caps have low risk and low growth ability.

Some Misconception about market capitalization meaning

There is some misconception regarding market capitalization. Some investors think that the higher the share price, the bigger the company. This conception is absolutely wrong. In order to discuss the topic, we put a chart of the top 18 companies belongs to large-cap.


So, this chart is consist of the top 18 companies from the large-cap. Here look at the 4th company from the above ITC. Its last share price was 280.25 and market cap is 342,025.36. On the other hand 7th company, Maruti Suzuki’s last share price was 8,710.60 and market cap is 263,129.86. Therefore, it is clear that one cannot decide companies rank and valuation by its share price.

What is Market Capitalization Meaning – A Conclusion:

Here are some brief points of market capitalization as follows:

  • It indicates the aggregated value of a company
  • Each and every company in the market belongs to these 3 categories. Large-cap, Mid-cap, and Small-cap
  • One cannot decide a company’s rank and value by the share price.

So, finally, It can be said that market cap is a guide or indicator for investors. It indicates the overall valuation of a company. So the market cap is definitely one of the most vital concepts that beginners should learn.

Author: Ankita Sarkar

Ankita is a graduate in English language and she has also done her MBA from the Calcutta University. She has a high knack in the stock markets. She is a NISM certified Research Analyst. An experienced stock market content writer Ankita is also trading successfully on her own account.

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