What is Floor Trader & How do They Make Money?

Floor trader meaning

A floor trader is someone who makes a living off of trading stocks on the exchange floor. They use their knowledge and experience in understanding financial markets to seek out opportunities and make profits. Generally, they attempt to make a profit from the short-term price swings. They trade securities or derivatives on the trading floor.

Skills Required for a Floor Trader

Floor traders have a unique set of skills that allow them to react quickly in volatile environments. They must constantly keep an eye on the news, governments, business developments, economic data, and more. Their ability to read charts, understand technical indicators, and make decisions under pressure sets them apart from traditional investors. Floor traders are well-versed experts at navigating stock exchanges successfully by making timely trades based on market conditions while keeping risk levels within accepted guidelines.

Process of Trading on the Floor

There are three different ways by which one can trade, one can go through the trader, floor broker, or invest personally. In order to become a trader, one has to abide by certain rules and regulations of the stock exchange. The traders also refer to a ‘local’.

Floor Trader vs Floor Broker

One thing should be clear to all that floor trader and floor broker are two completely different aspects. We’ve already stated that trader trades for themselves. Now, let’s come to the term ‘floor broker’. Some people don’t have the time to constantly monitor market movements and stock fluctuation. Hence, they generally hire a trading firm to execute their investments, maximum trading firms have their own floor brokers who invest according to the client’s desire.

Simply, a floor broker is different from a floor trader mainly for one reason, a floor broker performs trades on behalf of the investors or clients while traders are engaged in trading for their own accounts. The traders are known as ‘local’ but the brokers are known as ‘pit brokers’.

Features of Floor Trader:

  • The trader is an investor himself.
  • The trader works on the floor of the stock exchange, making the investment for his own portfolio.
  • He can make an independent decisions regarding investment.
floor trader

Current Scenario

In the advanced age of the computer, the requirements of floor trading become faded. Computerized systems become active in the market. The system becomes easier to access. Therefore, the importance of floor trading is decreased. However, for trading on the floor, one must acquire certain basic fundamental and technical knowledge of the stock market. The traders can trade themselves independently.


What does a floor trader do?

A floor trader is someone who facilitates buying and selling of stocks in stock exchanges through their presence on the trading floors. They carry out buy/sell orders or act as market makers for brokers, helping them get the best prices for their clients by taking advantage of short-term price fluctuations.

How much does a floor trader make?

The amount made by a Floor Trader depends upon his performance and turnover achieved on behalf of clients. For example, if they consistently generate high volumes they can earn very well with potential bonus earnings from time to time.

Are there still floor traders?

Yes! Although Electronic Trading has become increasingly popular and widely used these days, India still relies heavily on its army of skilled Floor Traders who are indispensable tools in any live brokerage firm across all major bourses such as BSE & NSE).

What are floor traders called?

We also know floor traders as ‘market makers’ or sometimes ‘face brokers’ due to their physical presence within the stock exchange building at all times during trading hours.


When it comes to the role of a floor trader, their main purpose is to serve as a middleman in exchanges. They are responsible for finding sellers and buyers on the trading floor who are willing to accept each other’s terms in transactions. This can be quite difficult, requiring strong communication and negotiation skills. Floor traders play an important role by providing liquidity in markets which facilitates efficient price discovery as well as enables smooth transaction settlements between individuals and institutions. Finally, without them, exchange operations would become much slower and more costly.

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Author: Ankita Sarkar

Ankita is a graduate in English language and she has also done her MBA from the Calcutta University. She has a high knack in the stock markets. She is a NISM certified Research Analyst. An experienced stock market content writer Ankita is also trading successfully on her own account.

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